Chinese President Xi Jinping Calls for Ceasefire and Two-State Solution in Gaza Conflict at Brics Summit

CHINA: 21 November 2023, At the Brics virtual summit, Chinese President Xi Jinping addressed the ongoing Gaza conflict, articulating a nuanced diplomatic stance that emphasized a two-state solution and substantial humanitarian aid. Xi expressed deep concerns over what he labeled as Israel’s “collective punishment” on Gaza and called for an immediate ceasefire. The Chinese leader stressed the release of civilian hostages by Hamas, highlighting the importance of dialogue and negotiation for achieving sustainable peace in the region.

Xi reiterated China’s diplomatic support for the legitimate national rights of the Palestinian people and the establishment of an independent state. In a departure from Western positions, he refrained from outright condemnation of Hamas, instead focusing criticism on Israel’s actions. Xi’s diplomatic strategy aligned with China’s broader approach of deepening alliances with non-Western multilateral groups such as Brics while solidifying ties with the Global South.

A key highlight of President Xi’s address was China’s substantial humanitarian assistance. Xi detailed the provision of $2 million in emergency funds through the United Nations and the Palestinian Authority, accompanied by 15 million yuan in food and medical supplies sent via Egypt into the war zone. The Chinese leader pledged continued assistance based on the evolving needs of the people, underlining the importance of maintaining secure and open humanitarian corridors.

Xi called for practical action from the international community to prevent further escalation of the conflict, emphasizing the potential risks to regional stability. This diplomatic stance, coupled with China’s active engagement with foreign ministers from Arab and Muslim-majority countries in Beijing, showcased China’s commitment to a diplomatic resolution of the Gaza crisis.

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